Degenerative, or osteoarthritis, is the most common type of arthritis in the foot and ankle. Symptoms of arthritis tend to start slowly, but often steadily increase over a period of months to years. They may include anything from stiffness in the morning , aching and throbbing, swelling around the joint, to overt pain. Movement of the joint frequently becomes limited if bone spurs from around the joint. Causes of osteoarthritis in the foot include trauma, wear and tear, and misalignment of the foot/joints.
Treatment is initially aimed at reducing pain. It may include ice , anti-inflammatory medications, or cortisone. Stiff shoes or inserts may limit symptoms by reducing movement of the involved joint. Surgery is indicated if symptoms begin to limit patient activities. Surgery may include trimming or shaving bone spurs, realigning the joint, joint fusion, or implants.